Poultry

Importance of Temperature in Incubation

Whether you are a backyard poultry farmer, small-scale commercial business or just a hobbyist, hatching eggs is a thrilling process. It’s fun to see life come out of an egg; it’s Nature’s miracles unfolding right in front of you.

However, hatching is not that simple. Incubating chicks is a 21-day process and it requires careful control and planning throughout the process. Everything from temperature and humidity to egg turning must be controlled so that the chicks that form are healthy and strong.

Temperature for Hatching

Temperature is one of the most critical parameters that needs to be controlled in an incubator. For most poultry, eggs hatch within a range of 35 to 40.5°C (84.5 – 104.9°F) The optimum temperature for hatching is 37.5 °C (99.5°F).

Most incubators have a variation of 0.2-0.4°C to ensure effective hatching. Temperature variations more than 1°C (above or below) can be fatal for the embryo. It affects embryonic mortality and may result in its termination. Embryos have a lower tolerance to temperature variation in their early and late phases of incubation. Therefore, it is vital to ensure that incubator temperature is steady.

This may seem a little daunting but if you have a good quality incubator, you will not have to worry about temperature adjustments. You can check out quality incubators here.

How To Maintain A Steady Temperature?

Here are some tips that will help you maintain a constant temperature that is optimum for hatching.

● You should let the incubator run overnight before placing eggs to ensure that the temperature is constant.
● Do not try to overheat the incubator or speed up the process. This can reduce hatchability and affect development.
● Make sure that you place the incubator in a room with
the temperature range 21-24°C. Area around the incubator should not be exposed to direct sunlight or any other heat source that may change its temperature.
● If you face sudden power outages, you must have a secondary source of power that keeps the incubator running. For example, you can plug it in a UPS battery (if it’s a DC incubator).

With these simple tips, you can maintain a steady temperature in the incubator.
Good Luck With Hatching!